The ancient mysteries behind Nazca lines

Alien intelligence or ancient science?

The mysterious lines stretched across the Atacama desert in southern Peru had been analyzed by the archaeologists and scientists from all around the Planet for the past 80 years but nobody could explain with certainty its origin or significance.
The enigmatic geoglyphs have been spotted for the first time in 1939 by a pilot flying over Nazca and since that time many people have tried unsuccessfully to discover its meaning: ancient highways, astronomical calendars or perhaps runways for alien spacecraft?
I am about to find out even though I have to pay a high price…400$ plus an experience which will bring me close to death.

Nazca, a town located 400 km south of Lima

After almost 8 hours drive from the capital Lima through the driest desert on Earth I finally reach the small town of Nazca, together with my friend Georgiana, ready to discover one of the biggest mystery left behind by the Incas.

I am about to regret my decision straight away, as soon as I noticed the poor condition of the airport: no air conditioning, tired pilots stretching their legs on uncomfortable seats between long flying hours, old aircrafts with doubtful maintenance and low security system.
Like real cabin crew we prepared for the flight in advanced following some useful advices found on internet: no food or alcohol as the flight might be quite bumpy, coca tea for nausea, an air sickness bag and lot of courage. What nobody ever told us is that we will need a passport or any other form of identification (which makes lot of sense now being the fact that we are about to board a plane). Luckily, a copy of the passport sent by the hotel’s receptionist on WhatsApp together with a warm smile was enough to open the check in gates for us but don’t rely on the good will of the authorities when you plan your trip to Nazca.
The pilots approached us and the others passengers (a family with 2 kids) instructing the group to follow them outside on the tarmac, appearing friendly and professional while we walked towards the aircraft. The weather is nice with clear sky and high visibility. What can go wrong?

The flying nightmare

We board the small plane being assigned the seats right behind the pilots when I realize that I am about to do the biggest mistake of my life. The aircraft is visibly old and poorly maintained, the Captain having some troubles with his door which needed a strong kick from the outside in order to be close for departure.

Before take off we receive a map with the Nazca figures (12 drawings in total) and a pair of headsets while the pilot explain us how the aircraft will be tilt on both sides (right and left) for all the passengers to have a complete view over the lines. The tips are also advisable and soon I will be willing to give away the 2000$ that I am carrying in my bag just to have my feet safely back on ground.

I am totally aware that flying a 6 seats plane will not offer the same comfort like a commercial jet but I never anticipated what was about to happen. Once in the air strong desert currents flip the aircraft back and forward and for few seconds the pilots seem to lose the total control of the plane, rapidly decreasing in altitude for what seemed to me like a few hundred feet.
I am terrified thinking that I might lose my life in this far away place on Earth in the most silly way possible while the passengers behind us are screaming, vomiting or just telling their prayers silently.

The pilots continue the flight without any explanation about the terrifying incident, rolling the plane right and left, pointing towards the figures which now more than ever don’t make any sense to any of us while we are counting impatiently the last minutes of our 20 minutes horror journey.
The most visible and interesting lines that we were able to see are by far:
  • The Condor

  • The spider

  • The tree and the bird

  • The Hummingbird

  • The monkey

From simple lines and geometrical figures to more distinct shapes such as monkey, spider or birds, the 800 Nazca lines survived untouched for the past 2000 years. Alien intelligence or simply man power? The evidence seems to be quite clear on that, the modern researchers creating similar drawings by scratching the sand of Nazca desert with basic tools but will them last throughout the time?

The “witch” of the desert

Used for religious purposes such as ceremonies performed to obtain water and fertility of the crops, to invoke rain, predict astronomical events or just to praise a superior force, the geoglyphs remained a mystery until today even though numerous scientists have dedicated their entire life studying the enigma behind the lines. The best example in this sense is the german mathematician Maria Reiche who was known as the “lady of the lines” making the incas drawings famous worldwide after 40 years research. In her book entitled “The mystery of the desert” ms. Reiche expressed her astonishment about the complex knowledge of mathematics and geometry demonstrated by the ancient Nazca civilization.

**pictures from Pinterest

She was so deeply passionate about the lines that she built herself a house in the middle of the desert trying to preserve and protect the geoglyphs from any attempt to destroy it. Not once she was observed cleaning the lines with a broom to remove the dust and make it more accessible to the view, being called the “witch of Nazca desert” and subject of rumors and jokes throughout the time.

Driving over the lines

Since the lines are almost impossible to be detected from ground level, a truck driver decided in the beginning of the year (January 2018) to plow into the ancient site damaging three of the geoglyphs with his act. Genuine mistake or simple curiosity? The Peruvian authorities lacked evidences and decided to free the truck driver in exchange of a 1500$ fine.

Choose wisely

While flying offers the tourists the best view over the enigmatic lines, the safety concerns raised in the past few years are truly alarming with an increase number of crashes resulting in serious injuries and even fatalities. Upon deep investigations it has been discovered that the planes are often flying on half filled tanks, using inferior fuel or gliding with the engines off in a desperate attempt of saving cost. Most of the airlines were left without a license but it didn’t stop them from operating the right next day under a brand new logo.
That’s why is very important to perform a thoroughly research before you choose your airline and not accept blindly the first overpriced and unsafe offer which comes into your hand, same as we did. To be honest, if I would have the chance to take a decision again I would never pass through this traumatic experience and I would not advise anyone to try it as the lines viewed from the sky are really not impressive.

Final approach

When the pilot announced the end of the journey we all breath relaxed, without knowing yet that we are about to make a last turn before touching down the runway: the water wells.
With an unique spiral design the wells were built as a sophisticated hydraulic system serving not only for agriculture, but also for irrigation and domestic purposes in one of the most arid places in the world. Basically the ancient Nazca civilization was able to retrieve water from the underground aquifers in order to irrigate and cultivate the surrounding desert.

We finally reached the runway unharmed in what was the worst landing in my life (after 4 years of flying) and my whole body is still shacking long after I disembark the aircraft, while the other passengers are either pale, holding bags full of vomit or just running towards the airport trying to end up this nightmare as soon as possible.
Do not understand me wrong…the pilots were truly amazing and skilled but this kind of adventure should be classified as extreme sport and the travel agencies should advise the tourists in advance about the risks that might be taken into consideration when deciding to fly over Nazca. The kids and people with cardiac history should not be allowed on the flight.
Even if flying is part of my daily life, after this experience I did develop a trauma materialized through continues nightmares and a big fear of flying.

Candelabra of the Andes

A safer and way more beautiful alternative of Nazca lines is represented by the Chandelier. The interesting design belonging to the Paracas culture (200BC) is 595 feet tall and can be seen from the safety and comfort of a boat. More details about its symbolism will be shared in a new travel story.

Secrets of the Sacred valley

It’s 8 am and the sky of Cusco is covered by a tick blanket of cloudes like any other typical morning of the raining season. An old, tiny man with a huge umbrella its waiting in front of the hotel, ready to accompany us to the bus station, the starting point of our new adventure. When we requested “pick up from the hotel” I never imagined that the tour agent will actually show up with no car but I guess this is what you get for 60 soles (20$) trip. In fact I was about to regret my commodity straight way, when I realized that the man has a problem with his leg which made the walking even more difficult.

Altitude sickness

After 2 hours drive we reach the main attraction of our journey, the famous Sacred valley of the Incas where the struggle with the altitude its still taking place but on a lower level (2900 meters). I am experiencing difficulties in breathing and chest pain while my friend condition is even worse and we are worried that she might need medical care during our stay.
Altitude sickness is a real concern that has to be taken into consideration when planing your trip to Cusco as this might led to possible complication like hypoxia and even death. A good physical preparation, avoiding heavy meals and alcohol, drinking plenty of coca tea and requesting for oxygen when needed will help you acclimatize much easier.


Dressed in colorful ponchos bought from a local handicraft market, we enter the town of Pisac, where is located one of the most beautiful archeological site left behind by the Incas.

The stars

The entire Sacred valley was built as a reflection of the Milky Way, being not only a home for the sons of the Sun but literally the heaven on earth, where the living, the dead and the gods lived peacefully together.

The food

Incas were not only masters of astrology but they could also predict and use the weather in their advantage especially for agriculture purposes, ensuring the main source of food for the vast empire.
Hundred agriculture terraces arranged in a shape of a Condor are still being used today by the locals who are trying to rebuild the complex irrigation system and advanced techniques used by their ancestors in an attempt of saving water and increase production.

We continue to climb the difficult terrain, following Marco’s instructions, who is not only an experienced tour guide but also professor of Astrology and a real passionate of Inca’s culture. Concerned for our safety, Marco instruct us not to stop in the areas marked with a red or orange flag as this might put our life in danger.

Two Chinese ladies decide to leave the group and explore the site by themselves and I am keep thinking how fortunate I am to understand both languages (Spanish and English) being able to learn an interesting history lesson in the best classroom that one can have: surrounded by the nature and well preserved ruins of a lost era.

The dead

In the same spot its located an well known Inca cemetery carved in a rock wall and containing more than 3000 burials. Here, the Inca used to bury people who have no family while the other ones, more fortunate were mummified and cared for as they were still alive: their family would change their clothes periodically, invite them for dinner and even take their mummified body out for a “walk”.

**Inca cemetery digged in a rock wall

But dying of natural cause or in war was not the only way of loosing your life in Inca’s time.
The modern archeological discoveries shown an increased number of human sacrificed in so called “sacred rituals” in order to obtain the Gods favor or simply just to prove the mortals gratitude in front of the divinity. And what can be more pure and precious than the life of a child? The kids, usually born in peasant families were given drugs and alcohol in their final moments to ensure their compliance, being left to die.
The rituals were performed on top of a sacrificial stone, hundreds still being preserved today across Peru.

What would be an enormous tragedy for a modern family was considered as a great honor for that time, the parents of the sacrificed child being blessed by the Gods and envied by the people.

**Incas mummies buried with their child


We are heading to Ollantaytambo, a 15th century Inca’s town built on cobblestoned streets and well preserved adobe buildings, a marvel of engineering and architecture, being both fortress and complex city in the same time.
The name of the town its associated with a pre-columbian love story not often mentioned to the tourists, a romantic tragedy where the Ollantay, the most brave warrior and trusted general of Pachacutec felt in love with the daughter emperor, who gave birth to a child in secret. Their love was forbidden by the emperor and after 10 years in exile Cusi Coyllur was forgiven by her father and reunited with her beloved Ollantay.

Across the ancient city, separated by a huge stone gate is located one of the Inca’s most sacred place: the temple hill.
The fortress, originally built for religious purposes was the site of a major battle, one of the few when Incas defeated the Spanish conquistadors, a great role in the victory being played by the high location from where the Incas could monitor the approach of the enemy.

The temple of the Sun

We are trying to keep up the rhythm of climbing with Marco but our guide even if he is much older than us seems to be more fit and most of the time we are left breathless, behind the group. When we finally manage to reach the top of the hill Marco is taking out his famous notebook, like a real teacher, pointing over a pile of stones in front of us: The temple of the sun, the most important construction in the region.

Built out of 6 massive “lazy” stones (piedras cansadas), each of them weighting more than 50 tones, the unfinished temple was used as a calendar by the Incas especially during summer and winter solstice, reasons of great celebration for the living and the dead on both sides. How the Incas managed to carry those huge stones up to the hill remains a mystery for the modern archaeologists and architects.

The God

Like any other civilization, Incas believed in a powerful, universal presence who taught their ancestors agriculture and many other useful arts, an old man with a long white beard, known by the name of Wiracocha. He was the creator of the entire universe, the time and the civilizations and was represented wearing the sun for a crown, with thunderbolts in his hands, and tears descending from his eyes as rain.

The Incas worshiped their God dedicating him numerous temples, festivals and even a carved portrait facing the Temple hill of Ollantaytambo which like any other construction made by the Incas was built in close correlation with the alignment of the stars.

The Gate

Marco stops again and like a real teacher, trying to test the knowledge of his students is asking us to identify the massive structure made out of stone. Nobody knows the answer but the crowed its about to queue for pictures as soon as they find out that are standing right in front of an energetic gate. Since the old times humans believed to have found 7 energetic gates to another dimensions, two of them being located in Peru (Sacred valley and Titikaka lake).
A white rope is keeping the curious away from the entrance and nobody seems brave enough to break through the other side. Stepping on another dimension or just a myth? Probably the humans of the present will never find out the answer as its hard to believe that we posses the energy level necessary to unlock ancient secrets.

The alignment

Thanks to the modern systems of global positioning, it is now known that Ollantayntambo together with many others sites (Nazca, Easter island, Pyramids of Giza, Petra) are aligned on a single circle with a far grater meaning that we are aware of. The mysterious invisible line connecting the most ancient cultures and civilizations across the world is passing right thorough this stone, which is believed to have great recharging and healing powers.
I place my hand on the miraculous stone, taking advantage of the crowed who seems hypnotized by Marco’s stories about ancient civilizations, trying to feel something more than a cold piece of rock but it seems that the energy of the place had faded over the time.
We thank the professor for the wonderful informations shared throughout the day and we return to the bus tired but excited for the new adventure which is waiting for us early in the morning:the famous Machu Pichu.
Two sisters, wearing colorful traditional clothes are greeting the tourists in the parking area ready to win few coins with their sweet smile and the cute Alpca carried in their arms. Even though I know they should be at school and not out on the streets, I decide to enjoy the beautiful encounter and end up the day with a nice holiday souvenir.